How to make your own shoes pt 2

Hey guys happy new month,hope you enjoying your day?? Well this is a follow up of How to make your own shoes and if you mixed the first part you can get that here and come back to read this.


===Making A Foot
Cast===
Make a custom last. A last is a block in the shape of a
human foot shoemakers use to guide their work. To do this, you’ll want to make
a cast mould of your foot; that way, the shoes you’ll be making will be
custom-fitted for you personally. Get a box filled with an alginate jelly and
place your foot in, ideally up to the ankle. Let your foot rest for 20 minutes
while the jelly solidifies, then slowly remove your foot. *Make sure to remove
your foot slowly; you don’t want to damage anything once it solidifies.
*It’s highly recommended you do this for both feet at the
same time. The idle time is best to get over with early on in the process.
*One positive thing to mention about this step in the
process is that you can ideally reuse these lasts for each subsequent pair of
shoes you try to make. Make a point of keeping them somewhere safe, where they
don’t run the risk of being broken.
*Pour casting material into your casting box. Now that
there’s a proper mould of your foot, you can pour casting material into it.
Depending on the type and quality of casting material, the solidifying time
could take anywhere from half an hour to overnight. Be patient– it may be a
good time at this point to work on other parts of the process if your plans are
settled enough.
*Remove and tape your last. Once the last has solidified,
it’s time to take it out and get it ready. Cover your last with a colorless
masking tape. That will keep it from being damaged as easily, and you’ll be
able to draw your designs directly on the last.
*Outline your design on the last itself. Before you get to
putting the pieces together, you’ll probably find it helpful to give the last
an outline of what you want the shoe to look like around it. While you
shouldn’t rely on it for concrete measurements, having an idea of what it will
look like in three dimensions will help as you’re figuring out where each
stitch should go.
===Assembling Your
Shoe===
Cut out your leather and fabrics. Using your template or
personal design, cut each necessary section of fabric or leather out using a
surgical knife or scalpel. You may find it helpful to use a ruler or protractor
to help you with the incisions.
*While cutting your pattern, you should leave at least an
inch of extra material along the bottom edge of the shoe, as well as a
centimetre or so, where the different pieces of the upper join together. This
will be your seam allowance.

*Stitch pieces together. A fluid stitch is one of the most
skill-testing parts of making your own shoe. Be meticulous and slow as you’re
piecing it together; while it may be easier to go faster, bad stitching will
certainly show in the final product, and your shoe won’t look as good as it
should Try to get the stitches as close to the end of each piece of fabric as you
can. Overlaps might leave unnecessary ridges on the shoe. If you intentionally
cut your pieces to be slightly bigger than necessary for the sake of having
stitching space, remember to take that into account. You don’t want to end up
with a shoe that’s too big, or too small for the sole.
While fabric won’t be any problem to stitch through, you may
have an issue with leather. Leather is notoriously sturdy, and you won’t be
able to stitch it fluidly. Rather, it’s recommended you punch holes in it
before connecting it to your other pieces.
*Make eyelets. Eyelets are the holes you’ll need to fix your
laces through. Chances are your shoe design will use these. Evenly space the
eyelets apart from one another (just less than an inch, in most cases) and
offer enough of them (4-5) to encase most of the laces. If you’re the DIY type,
you can make these incisions with a scalpel easily enough. If you’re going for
a more professional-looking product however, there are specific eyelet-making
tools you can order from a specialty outlet.
#Cut out your sole. If you purchased a pre-fabricated sole
or nabbed a pair from old shoes, you won’t need to worry about this step. If
you’re trying to make a purely homemade set of shoes however, picking up a few
sheets of cork is your best bet. Cork has a comfortable amount of cushion, and
it’s waterproof.
*If you have the fabric stitched together already, you can
use that as a point of reference while making your incisions, although you
should ultimately rely on the empirical measurements laid out in your template.
*Your last should come in handy here as well. Cut the sole
out of the cork sheet, leaving a little extra space around the last so your
foot will ultimately have some breathing room.
*If you’re wanting some extra cushion and height, you can
add a second or even third layer of cork to your sole. Just cut it out in the
exact same dimensions, and superglue the layers together.
*Give the glued cork soles some time to solidify once you’ve
finished gluing them.
*You can make a shoe heel by adding an extra layer to the
posterior third of the sole.
#Stitch and glue your pieces together. Stitching the fabric
to your sole won’t work, at least not by itself. It’s recommended you pick up a
shoe-specific adhesive to glue your fabric to the sole. Apply the glue slowly
and evenly. This will maximize the waterproof seal for your shoe, and keep it
sturdy. If your blueprint suggests any additional stitches, do those as well.
*Make use of the last inside the shoe as you’re putting it
together. It will make a great point of reference and support while you’re
getting the tricky stitches done.
*If you’re a real pro with stitches, don’t be afraid to
spice up your stitching style. Stitches themselves can be an interesting
aesthetic tool. If you’re feeling more daring than the rest of us, you can
experiment with irregular stitching patterns, so long as they’re fundamentally
sturdy enough to do their practical job.
#Trim excess fabric and add patches where desired. By this
point, you should have relatively functional shoe. Add laces through the
eyelets if you haven’t already. To make the shoe look as good as it can be,
you’ll want to trim the excess fabric. If there are some really ugly seam marks
on the shoe, you can add a new layer of leather or fabric to cover it up. Now
that you have the body of the shoe, you can start thinking about adding more
aesthetic flair to it.
#Repeat the process for the other shoe. It’s generally
assumed you’ll want to make two shoes to wear at the same time. After the
basics of the first shoe are done, it’s time to move onto the second. Keep in
mind that you do not want to make a copy, but a mirror image of your original
shoe. Try to keep it looking as close to the first as you possibly can. Any
possible slip ups you made on the first will look worse if they’re not
reflected on the other shoe.
*If you were frustrated making the first shoe, you should
find making the second is a lot more enjoyable.
===Putting Finishing
Touches on Your Creation===
#Waterproof your shoes with a sealant spray. A leather-based
shoe will own with its own natural waterproofing abilities, but you’re going to
want to do everything you can to make sure water isn’t able to get in. Getting
a relatively inexpensive sealant spray and give your shoes a thorough going-over
is a smart idea, especially if you live in a wetter part of the world.
#Add decorative touches to your shoes. Let’s face it; most
of the time you’re making something from home, it’s because you want to put
your own unique spin on it. You have plenty of chance to do so even after the
shoe is made.
*Taking leather paint and adding an inventive design to the
sides of the shoes is a fun and effective way to add style to your creation.
*There are countless ways you can stylize your shoes. Look online
for some ideas if you’re in need of inspiration.
#Take them for a test walk! Now that your spiffy creations
are finally finished, it’s time for the defining moment of trying them on and
putting them to use. Try walking down the hallway or the street and get a hang
for the way they feel. Are they comfortable? Do you think they could keep out
water if you accidentally stepped in a puddle? If this is your first time
making shoes, it’s perfectly normal for there to be issues. If you’re not
satisfied with the end result, you can always put the expertise you’ve gained
to good use and make another pair.
*If it’s just the insole that’s uncomfortable, you can buy
gel-based insoles (like Dr. Scholl’s) to give your feet some much-welcomed
cushion.
== Tips ==
*It’s best to do both shoes concurrently; that way, you’ll
be saving time and giving the shoes the best possible chance of looking even.
*Some of these stitches are a skill that can only be
mastered with time and experience. Try experimenting with a few pieces of
fabric until you roughly get the hang of it.
==Warnings==
*Making shoes from scratch can be an incredibly challenging
thing to do, particularly if you’re not usually inclined towards arts and
crafts. It may take a few times to get the proper hang of it, so keep trying
and don’t sweat it if you mess up the first time. Learn from your mistakes, and
try practicing your skills with measurement and stitching a bit before jumping
in again if you’re unsure.
== Related wikiHows
==
*[[Find the Perfect Shoes]]
*[[Decorate Shoes]]
==Sources and
Citations==
<ref>http://lastmakingschool.com/history-of-Lastmaking-.htm</ref>

                                                                                                                                                                                Written by Abidalhot

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